What is a Geopark
What is a Geopark...
UNESCO Global Geoparks are single, unified geographical areas where sites and landscapes of international geological significance are managed with a holistic concept of protection, education and sustainable development.
A UNESCO Global Geopark uses its geological heritage, in connection with all other aspects of the area’s natural and cultural heritage, to enhance awareness and understanding of key issues facing society, such as using our Earth’s resources sustainably, mitigating the effects of climate change and reducing the impact of natural disasters.
By raising awareness of the importance of the area’s geological heritage in history and society today, UNESCO Global Geoparks give local people a sense of pride in their region and strengthen their identification with the area.
The creation of innovative local enterprises, new jobs and high quality training courses is stimulated as new sources of revenue are generated through geotourism, while the geologicalresources of the area are protected.
For more information on UNESCO Global Geoparks on the UNESCO website click here.http://www.unesco.org/new/en/natural-sciences/environment/earth-sciences/unesco-global-geoparks/
For the UNESCO Global Geoparks Publication click here.
International Geoscience Programme (IGCP)
In order to more closely reflect the societal challenges of Earth Science today and provide an international status to a former network of sites of geological significance, UNESCO’s General Conference approved, on 17 November 2015, the creation of the International Geoscience and Geoparks Programme (IGGP). The IGGP comprises the International Geoscience Programme (IGCP), which for over 40 years has brought geoscientists together from all regions of the world to study the Earth and geological processes under themes which have increasing societal relevance, and the UNESCO Global Geoparks, which promote sites of international geological value and are the basis of local sustainable development. As of the afore mentioned date all of the existing 120 Global Geoparks were recognised under the new programme and became UNESCO Global Geoparks and the number of Geoparks grows year on year.
For more information on IGGP on the UNESCO website click here
Global Geopark Network
The Global Geoparks Network (GGN), of which membership is obligatory for UNESCO Global Geoparks, is a legally constituted not-for-profit organisation with an annual membership fee.
The GGN was founded in 2004 and is a dynamic network where members are committed to work together, exchange ideas of best practise, and join in common projects to raise the quality standards of all products and practises of a UNESCO Global Geopark.
While the GGN as a whole comes together every two years, it functions through the operation of regional networks, such as the European Geoparks Network that meets twice a year to develop and promote joint activities.
For more information on the Global Geopark Network click here
European Geopark Network
Founded in 2000 the European Geopark Network (EGN) was initiated by just 4 areas, Reserve Geologique de Haute-provence - France, The Petrified Forest of Lesvos - Greece, Vulkaneifel - Germany and Maestrazgo Cultural Park - Spain. To date the network has gone from strength to strengh and now constitutes 70 members across Europe. The EGN is a regional network of the GGN.
For more information on the European Geopark Network click here
The European Geopark Network map
1. Réserve Géologique de Haute Provence - FRANCE
2. Vulkaneifel European Geopark - GERMANY
3. Petrified Forest of Lesvos - GREECE
4. Maestrazgo Cultural Park - Aragon, SPAIN
5. Psiloritis Nature Park - GREECE
6. Terra.Vita Nature Park - GERMANY
7. Copper Coast Geopark- IRELAND
8. Marble Arch Caves European Geopark - IRELAND and UK
9. Madonie Geopark - ITALY
10. Rocca Di Cerere Geopark - ITALY
11. Nature Park Steirische Eisenwurzen - AUSTRIA
12. Nature Park Bergstrasse Odenwald - GERMANY
13. North Pennines AONB - ENGLAND, UK
14. Park Naturel Régional du Luberon - FRANCE
15. North West Highlands - SCOTLAND, UK
16. Geopark Swabian Albs - GERMANY
17. Geopark Harz Braunschweiger Land Ostfalen Geopark - GERMANY
18. Hateg Country Dinosaurs Geopark - ROMANIA
19. Beigua Geopark - ITALY
20. Fforest Fawr Geopark - WALES, UK
21. Bohemian Paradise Geopark - CZECH REPUBLIC
22. Cabo de Gata - Nijar Nature Park - Andalucia, SPAIN
23. Naturtejo Geopark - PORTUGAL
24. Sierras Subbeticas Nature Park - Andalucia, SPAIN
25. Sobrarbe Geopark - Aragon, SPAIN
26. Gea Norvegica - NORWAY
27. Geological, Mining Park of Sardinia - ITALY
28. Papuk Geopark - CROATIA
29. English Riviera Geopark - ENGLAND, UK
30. Adamello - Brenta Nature Park - ITALY
31. Geo Mon - Wales, UK
32. Arouca Geopark - Portugal
33. Shetlands - Scotland, UK
34. Chelmos Vouraikos - GREECE
35. Novohrad - Nograd Geopark - HUNGARY and SLOVAKIA
36. Magma Geopark – NORWAY
37. Basque Coast Geopark, Pais Vasco - SPAIN
38. Parco Nazionale del Cilento e Vallo di Diano, Campania - ITALY
39. Rokua Geopark - FINLAND
40. Tuscan Mining Park, Toscana - ITALY
41. Vikos – Aoos Geopark - GREECE
42. Muskau Arch Geopark - GERMANY/POLAND
43. Sierra Norte de Sevilla Natural Park, Andalucia - SPAIN
44. Burren and Cliffs of Moher- REPUBLIC OF IRELAND
45. Katla - IICELAND
46. Bauges - FRANCE
47. Apuan Alps - ITALY
48. Villuercaas-Ibores-Jara - SPAIN
49. Carnic Alps Geopark - AUSTRIA
50. Chablais Geopark - FRANCE
52. Bakony- Balaton Geopark - HUNGARY
62. Ertz der Alpen – AUSTRIA
64. Terras de Cavaleiros - PORTUGAL
66. Reykjanes - ICELAND
67. Pollino - ITALY
68.Sitia - GREECE
69.Troodos - CYPRUS