What is a Geopark




What is a Geopark...

UNESCO Global Geoparks are single, unified geographical areas where sites and landscapes of international geological significance are managed with a holistic concept of protection, education and sustainable development.

A UNESCO Global Geopark uses its geological heritage, in connection with all other aspects of the area’s natural and cultural heritage, to enhance awareness and understanding of key issues facing society, such as using our Earth’s resources sustainably, mitigating the effects of climate change and reducing the impact of natural disasters.

By raising awareness of the importance of the area’s geological heritage in history and society today, UNESCO Global Geoparks give local people a sense of pride in their region and strengthen their identification with the area.

The creation of innovative local enterprises, new jobs and high quality training courses is stimulated as new sources of revenue are generated through geotourism, while the geological resources of the area are protected.

For more information on UNESCO Global Geoparks on the UNESCO website click here.http://www.unesco.org/new/en/natural-sciences/environment/earth-sciences/unesco-global-geoparks/

For the UNESCO Global Geoparks Publication click here.

International Geoscience Programme (IGCP)

In order to more closely reflect the societal challenges of Earth Science today and provide an international status to a former network of sites of geological significance, UNESCO’s General Conference approved, on 17 November 2015, the creation of the International Geoscience and Geoparks Programme (IGGP). The IGGP comprises the International Geoscience Programme (IGCP), which for over 40 years has brought geoscientists together from all regions of the world to study the Earth and geological processes under themes which have increasing societal relevance, and the UNESCO Global Geoparks, which promote sites of international geological value and are the basis of local sustainable development.  As of the afore mentioned date all of the existing 120 Global Geoparks were recognised under the new programme and became UNESCO Global Geoparks and the number of Geoparks grows year on year. 

For more information on IGGP on the UNESCO website click here

Global Geopark Network  

The Global Geoparks Network (GGN), of which membership is obligatory for UNESCO Global Geoparks, is a legally constituted not-for-profit organisation with an annual membership fee.

The GGN was founded in 2004 and is a dynamic network where members are committed to work together, exchange ideas of best practise, and join in common projects to raise the quality standards of all products and practises of a UNESCO Global Geopark.

While the GGN as a whole comes together every two years, it functions through the operation of regional networks, such as the European Geoparks Network that meets twice a year to develop and promote joint activities.

For more information on the Global Geopark Network click here

European Geopark Network

Founded in 2000 the European Geopark Network (EGN) was initiated by just 4 areas, Reserve Geologique de Haute-provence - France, The Petrified Forest of Lesvos - Greece, Vulkaneifel - Germany and Maestrazgo Cultural Park - Spain.  To date the network has gone from strength to strengh and now constitutes 70 members across Europe. The EGN is a regional network of the GGN.

For more information on the European Geopark Network click here




The European Geopark Network map

1.   Réserve Géologique de Haute Provence - FRANCE

2.   Vulkaneifel European Geopark - GERMANY

3.   Petrified Forest of Lesvos - GREECE

4.   Maestrazgo Cultural Park - Aragon, SPAIN

5.   Psiloritis Nature Park - GREECE

6.   Terra.Vita Nature Park - GERMANY

7.   Copper Coast Geopark- IRELAND

8.   Marble Arch Caves European Geopark - IRELAND and UK

9.   Madonie Geopark - ITALY

10. Rocca Di Cerere Geopark - ITALY

11.  Nature Park Steirische Eisenwurzen - AUSTRIA

12.  Nature Park Bergstrasse Odenwald - GERMANY

13.  North Pennines AONB - ENGLAND, UK

14.  Park Naturel Régional du Luberon - FRANCE

15.  North West Highlands - SCOTLAND, UK

16.  Geopark Swabian Albs - GERMANY

17.  Geopark Harz Braunschweiger Land Ostfalen Geopark - GERMANY

18.  Hateg Country Dinosaurs Geopark - ROMANIA

19.  Beigua Geopark - ITALY

20.  Fforest Fawr Geopark - WALES, UK

21.  Bohemian Paradise Geopark - CZECH REPUBLIC

22.  Cabo de Gata - Nijar Nature Park - Andalucia, SPAIN

23.  Naturtejo Geopark - PORTUGAL

24.  Sierras Subbeticas Nature Park - Andalucia, SPAIN

25.  Sobrarbe Geopark - Aragon, SPAIN

26.  Gea Norvegica - NORWAY

27.  Geological, Mining Park of Sardinia - ITALY

28.  Papuk Geopark - CROATIA

29.  English Riviera Geopark - ENGLAND, UK 

30.  Adamello - Brenta Nature Park - ITALY

31.  Geo Mon - Wales, UK

32.  Arouca Geopark  - Portugal

33.  Shetlands - Scotland, UK

34.  Chelmos Vouraikos - GREECE

35.  Novohrad - Nograd Geopark - HUNGARY and SLOVAKIA

36.  Magma Geopark – NORWAY

37.  Basque Coast Geopark, Pais Vasco - SPAIN

38.  Parco Nazionale del Cilento e Vallo di Diano, Campania - ITALY

39.  Rokua Geopark - FINLAND

40.  Tuscan Mining Park, Toscana - ITALY

41.  Vikos – Aoos Geopark - GREECE

42.  Muskau Arch Geopark - GERMANY/POLAND 

43.  Sierra Norte de Sevilla Natural Park, Andalucia - SPAIN

44.  Burren and Cliffs of Moher- REPUBLIC OF IRELAND

45.  Katla - IICELAND

46.  Bauges - FRANCE

47.  Apuan Alps - ITALY

48.  Villuercaas-Ibores-Jara - SPAIN 

49.  Carnic Alps Geopark - AUSTRIA

50.  Chablais Geopark - FRANCE

51.  Central Catalunya Geopark - SPAIN

52.  Bakony- Balaton Geopark - HUNGARY

53.  Azores Geopark - PORTUGAL

54.  Karavanke/Karawanken Geopark - SLOVENIA and AUSTRIA

55.  Idria Geopark - SLOVENIA

56.  Hondsrug Geopark - NETHERLANDS

57.  Sesia Val Grande Geopark - ITALY

58.  Kula Geopark - TURKEY

Molina Alto Tajo – SPAIN

El Hierro – SPAIN

Monts d’Ardèche – FRANCE

62.  Ertz der Alpen – AUSTRIA

Odsherred – DENMARK

64. Terras de Cavaleiros - PORTUGAL

65.  Lanzarote and Chinijo Islands - SPAIN

66. Reykjanes - ICELAND

67. Pollino - ITALY

68.Sitia - GREECE

69.Troodos - CYPRUS

70. Causses de Quercy - FRANCE

71. Las Loras - SPAIN