Designations: SAM, Proposed CGS/RIGS
Designated a Sheduled Ancient Monument, Brixham Cavern (Also known as Windmill Hill Cave) was discovered in 1858 and subsequent excavation revealed important vertebrate remains eg mammoth, woolly rhinoceros and cave lion. (Not open to the public).
GCR block / key theme: Quaternary of south-west, England and Pleistocene Vertebrata
Associated SSSI: Not applicable
SAM Reason for Designation:
Geological / geomorphological features: [Provisional] Quaternary: Brixham Cavern is a historically important source of Pleistocene vertebrate remains, indicating an ssemblage similar to that known from Kent's Cavern. The site is a Scheduled Ancient Monument and was formerly operated as a show cave. The cave was discovered in 1858 and subsequently excavated, yielding mammoth, horse, woolly rhinoceras, deer, cave lion, hyaena, bear, amongst other remains.
Reasons for proposal as a CGS / RIGS sites: Brixham Cavern is a key historical site in Torbay, a former source of rich Pleistocene vertebrate faunas. Access is currently restricted and the cave is privately owned - use is therefore likely to be primarily for research purposes.